This chapter 7 has brought Nuclear Theory into the aether picture by envisaging that the atomic nucleus of the higher order atoms has a structure conforming with the cubic form of the aether itself. This plus the relationship between the proton, neutron and deuteron are the primary contributions of this chapter. I need, however, to explain an important development since 'Physics without Einstein' was published. This, as is seen below, concerns the creation of the proton.
I do not wish the reader to judge my theory on the basis of the account of proton creation presented in this chapter 7. It was remarkable at the time it was written that, for some 10 or more years to that time, I had felt certain that the radiation of the Bohr quantum of angular momentum played a role in determining the primordial combination of an electron (mass m) and a heavy particle (mass M). The mathematical analysis on p. 142-143 of 'Physics without Einstein' and Appendix II of that book, as well as the corresponding analysis at pp. 27-30 of my 1960 book 'The Theory of Gravitation' very clearly implied a value of M/m of 1,817.8. This is 1% below the proton/electron mass ratio and it seemed that a factor of the order of the fine-structure constant might be brought into play to account for the difference.
In the event, however, with the passage of time I came to see that the proton had to be created from the muon field and that discovery is so remarkable it has to replace the theory offered in 'Physics without Einstein'. See my papers [1975a] and [1988c].
I note also that what is said in chapter 7 about proton spin, neutron spin, deuteron spin and electron spin is all replaced by the theory that accompanied and followed on from the above breakthrough. The key papers I later wrote on these topics are [1986a], [1986d] and [1988b].