The following is a paper by H. Aspden published in the Journal of New Energy, vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 46-53 (1998).


Abstract: The vacuum is a cold ionized medium having a crystalline structure, which can be rotated. The rotation and its effects are found to range from from phenomena involving photons to the rotation of stellar objects. This paper discusses this subject in detail.

Commentary: Essentially this paper reproduces in a refereed journal the content of the author's Energy Science Essay No. 13. To see that Essay in full press: ESSAY NO. 13.